Malaysia observes 3 categories of public holidays, namely Federal, State and Holidays by Declaration. Depending on which state you work and reside in, or travelling to, it is best to check and confirm the list of public holidays observed locally. Each state and federal territory observes 14 days of federal holidays, except Sarawak which observes 13 days.
Federal (National) Holidays: Federal public holidays are fixed by the federal government and are observed nationwide with some exceptions. They are:
- Muhammad’s Birthday (Maulidur Rasul)
- Hari Merdeka (National Day)
- Chinese New Year (one day in Kelantan and Terengganu, two days in rest of the country)
- Wesak Day (Buddha Day)
- The Yang di-Pertuan Agong’s (Official) Birthday (King’s Birthday)
- Hari Raya Puasa (Aidilfitri) (two days)
- Hari Raya Qurban (Aidiladha) (two days in Kelantan and Terengganu, one day in rest of the country)
- Deepavali (except Sarawak)
- Labour Day
- Awal Muharram (Islamic New Year)
- Malaysia Day (establishment of the Malaysian Federation)
State Holidays: Examples of State Holidays in Malaysia include:
- Birthday of Local Sultan / Governor
- Sarawak Independence Day
- Declaration of George Town (Penang) as World Heritage Site
- Declaration of Malacca City as Historical City
- Good Friday (Sarawak and Sabah)
Holiday by Declaration: In Peninsular Malaysia and Labuan, the Prime Minister may declare any day to be observed as a public holiday in the whole of Peninsular Malaysia and Labuan, or in one of the federal territories, or in one of the states after consultation with the relevant state government. The declared holiday must be observed by all employers as a paid holiday. In Sabah and Sarawak, the power to declare any day as a public holiday rests with the state governor (in practice, exercised on the advice of the state government) in accordance with the states’ respective Holidays Ordinances.
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